Language Movement 1952, ভাষা আন্দোলন,
Language Movement 1952, moreover insinuated as the Language Movement (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন, Bhasa Andolon), Language Movement 1952, was a political advancement in past East Bengal (today Bangladesh) supporting the reputation of the Bengali dialect development 1952 as an official vernacular of the then-Dominion of Pakistan to permit its use in government issues, the continuation of its usage as a medium of guideline, its use in media, money and stamps, and to keep up its composed work inside the Bengali script. Dialect Movement 1952 , Rastro Vashha Andolon 1948-1952.
21 March, 1948 Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the organizer of Pakistan and its first Governor-General, on a visit to East Bengal, proclaims in Dhaka University assembly that while the dialect of the area can be Bengali, the “State dialect of Pakistan will be Urdu and no other dialect. Any one who tries to deceive you is truly a foe of Pakistan.” “The comment evoked a furious challenge from the Bengali youth Prof. Md. Yaqub announced “NO” who took it as an attack: their dialect Bangla (Bengali) was, all things considered, talked by 54 percent of the number of inhabitants in Pakistan. Numerous University understudies raised the challenge trademark and was captured. The Dacca University grounds turned into the point of convergence for understudy gatherings in support of the Language Movement 1952.
Language Movement 1952 started in 1948 and achieved its peak in the executing of 21 February 1952, and finished in the reception of Bangla as one of the state dialects of Pakistan. The question in the matter of what might be the state dialect of Pakistan was raised instantly after its creation. The focal pioneers and the Urdu-talking learned people of Pakistan pronounced that urdu would be the state dialect of Pakistan, similarly as Hindi was the state dialect of India. The understudies and erudite people of East Pakistan, notwithstanding, requested that Bangla be made one of the state dialects. After a great deal of ion over the dialect issue, the last request from East Pakistan was that Bangla must be the official dialect and the medium of direction in East Pakistan and for the focal government it would be one of the state dialects alongside Urdu. The primary development on this issue was prepared by Tamaddun Majlish headed by Professor Abul Kashem. A 40 days long workshop (training camp) held and organized by Tamaddun Majlish headed by Professor Abul Kashem, organized by Mr. Abdul Gafur, and Prof. Md. Yaqub. Bit by bit numerous other non-shared and dynamic associations joined the development, which at long last transformed into a mass development.
In the meantime, authentic arranging was being taken in various social occasions of the central organization of Pakistan under the action of Fazlur Rahman, the central guideline pastor, to make Urdu the primary state tongue of Pakistan. On receipt of this information, East Pakistani understudies got the chance to be particularly incited and held a meeting on the Dhaka University grounds on 6 December 1947, asking for that Bangla be made one of the state vernaculars of Pakistan. The meeting was trailed by understudy parades and more fomentation. The principle Rastrabhasa Sangram Parishad (Language Action Committee) was formed towards the complete of December with Professor Nurul Huq Bhuiyan of Tamaddun Majlish as the convener.
The scholars of the University of Dhaka and different political activists defied the law and unionized a protest on 21st February 1952. Language Movement 1952 , rastro vashha andolon 1948-1952, reached its climax once police killed student demonstrators on that day. The deaths aggravated widespread civil unrest. after years of conflict, the central government relented and granted official standing to the Bangla language in 1956. In 1999, UN agency declared 21st February as International Mother Language Day, in tribute to the Language Movement 1952 and the ethno-linguistic rights of individuals round the world.
Language Heroes: Rafiq, Salam, Barkat, Jabbar.
Rafiq Uddin Ahmed: The eldest child of Abdul Latif Miyan and Rafiza Khatun, Shahid Rafique hailed from Paril a town in the Manikganj area. The Miyan family runs printing business, a business Rafiq was running in 1952. Rafique had four more youthful siblings: Rashid, Khaleque (a flexibility contender) Salam and Khorshed Alam. Rafique was recognized, since his youth, as a strong, upright, energetic social laborer with enthusiasm for music and theater. He organized and acted in different plays in the neighboring towns.
A beautiful cousin of his, flawless Rahela Khanom Panu from the nearby neighbor, was Rafiquw�s sweet heart. Their enthusiastic relationship was perceived by Rafique�s guardians and they composed their wedding. Joined by his nephew, Rafique went to Dhaka for looking for his inevitable wedding.
On 21st February 1952, albeit planned to return home with his shopping-sari, shirt, churies, alta (lac color), powder and a few adornments Rafique, because of his adoration for Bangla dialect, rather than going home, joined the challenge rally of Bangla Language Movement 1952 sorted out by the understudies of Dhaka college leaving his shopping with his nephew. His adoration for his first language outperformed his deep rooted enthusiasm for his sweet heart Panu to whom he stayed away forever as a prepare. Shot dead by the Paki cops in the dialect parade on 21st February, Rafique�s dead body was later dumped by the Paki commandos (who stole the dead assortments of dialect saints from Dhaka Medical school mortuary) in the Azimpur memorial park where a great many Bangalees paid their reverence the following morning.
Barkat (Abul Barkat): A MA last year understudy of the branch of political art of Dhaka University. Barkat was conceived on 16 June 1927 at Babla town of Murshidabad area in India. His father�s name was late Shamsuddin and his residential location Bishnu Priya Bhaban, Purana Paltan, Dhaka.
Salam (Abdus Salam): A staff individual from the mechanical directorate. Salam was shot on 21st February and kicked the bucket in Dhaka Medical College healing center on 17 April 1952. Father: Mohd Fajil Miah.
Jabbar (Abdul Jabbar): Bangla Language saint Abdul Jabbar was conceived on 26 Ashwin, 1326B (1927) in Pachua town, Gaforgaon, Mymensingh. His father�s name was Hasen Ali and mother�s name Safatun Nesa. Jabbar was the eldest child of his family. His tutoring began in 1333B (1934) at the Dhopaghat Krishibazar Primary school. Subsequent to completing year five at the elementary school, Jabbar quit school being annoyed with his dad and left home.
Jabbar, be that as it may, returned home following a couple of months. Be that as it may, later he exited for Rangun from Narayanganj. The skipper of the ship Jabbar boarded on to go to Ranguan guaranteed him work in the ship. In any case, he never landed the position because of weakness. Returning home, Jabbar composed a town guard assemble with young men from the area and took the drove the gathering as its officer. In 1949 he wedded one of his friends� sister, Amina Khatun, and settled down. One and a half year after the marriage Jabbar and Amina had a child kid. The kid was named Nurul Islam Badol.
In February 1952 Jabbar�s relative fell sick. Jabbar took her to Dhaka for treatment. With the assistance of one Sirajul Islam, a specialist from the neighboring town, Jabbar figured out how to concede his relative in Dhaka Medical College Hospital. In 1952 the Provincial Assembly of East Bangla was beside Dhaka Medical College Hospital.
Dhaka of February 1952 was a political fountain of liquid magma. Gatherings, parades, revives and picketing were ordinary occasions in the Dhaka college grounds. On 19 February, Jabbar withdrew of every one of his relatives. After supper while he was withdrawing from her close relative Aysha Khatun, she lovingly tied the catches of his shirt. Jabbar spent the night of 20 February at some Abdul Hai�s living arrangement.
In the morning of 21 February Jabbar went to healing facility to see his relative. In the wake of investing some energy with Dr Sirajul Islam, Jabbar went outside the healing center door to get a few organic products for the patient. The parade of dialect development was finishing outside. Swarms with searing eyes and thundering trademarks We request Bangla as state dialect transformed the college grounds into a battleground. The soul of the challenging group sucked Jabbar in inside a glimmer. Relative, healing facility, organic products all blurred far from his memory. Jabbar turned into the group, he conveyed the flag before the parade. At the point when the police opened fire, Jabbar being in the cutting edge, was one of the first to fall.
With Barkat and different saints of dialect development, Jabbar was quickly taken into the crisis. Jabbar inhaled his keep going while in transit to the operation theater: the primary saint to be unified with time everlasting.
Shafiur Rahman: 28 years of age High Court staff and a law understudy Shafiur Rahman was murdered by the Pakistani troops close to the Khoshmahal Restaurant close Rathkhola on Nababpur street. Shafiur Rahman was the father of a little girl and left behind his pregnant spouse and a major family subject to his pay. His father�s name was Maulabi Mahbubur Rahman and he was conceived in Konnagar town of the Hugli locale in India.
Ahi Ullah: Details of dialect saint Ahi Ullah are as yet obscure as the police later caught his dead body and dumped. He was the child of a developer named Habibur Rahman.
Abdul Awal: Abdul Awal passed on under the police truck used to scatter the memorial service parade of the saints of the Bangla dialect development.
A unidentified kid: Like Abdul Awal, this unidentified chap was keep running over by the police truck used to scatter the memorial service parade of the saints of the Bangla Language Movement 1952. His demise was never recognized by the Pakistani government.
VAHA SHYNIK IN KUSHTIA DISTRICT:
1. Late Prof. Md. Yaqub. (Sharok lipy author; submitted to PAK Government. 3 duplicates in BANGLA out of 11 and harmed by two slugs and conceded in Dhaka restorative ) Member Tamuddin Mojlish, Bangladesh, President 1948-1953Tamuddin Mojlish, Kushtia, Bangladesh. Furthermore, in 1948 he is the man who first dissents and announced “NO” when President Zinna said Urdu will be dialect of Pakistan.
2. Late Prof. Abdus Sattar (Sharok lipy essayist; submetted to PAK Government. two duplicate in English out of 11 and harmed by machine chaanrge conceded in Dhaka medicinal ) Member Tamuddin Mojlish, Bangladesh, Secretary 1948-1953 Tamuddin Mojlish, Kushtia, Bangladesh; President 1953-Tamuddin Mojlish, Kushtia,
3. Late Mr. Sheraj (Mukter), MemberTamuddin Mojlish, Kushtia, Bangladesh..
4. Late Mr. Zalal Chowdhury.
5. Mr. Nazam uddin ahmed, Secretary, from 1953 to —-, Tamuddin Mojlish, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
6. Advocate Liakot Ali.
7. Late Md. Zulfikar Haider.
Language Movement 1952
The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan was in session at Karachi-then the capital of Pakistan-from 23 February 1948. It was prescribed that the people would need to talk either in Urdu or in English at the Assembly. Dhirendranath datta, a section from the East Pakistan Congress Party, moved a change development to fuse Bangla as one of the lingos of the Constituent Assembly. He saw that out of the 6 crore 90 lakh people of Pakistan, 4 crore 40 lakh were from East Pakistan with Bangla as their local dialect. The central pioneers, including Liaquat Ali Khan, PM of Pakistan, and Khwaja Nazimuddin, manager pastor of East Bengal, negated the development. On tolerating the news that the development had been rejected, understudies, savvy individuals and government authorities of East Pakistan got the chance to be unmistakably incited. Every day papers, for instance, the Azad furthermore investigated of the lawmakers who had rejected the Language Movement 1952.
Another leading group of trustees to fight for Bangla as the state vernacular was formed with Shamsul Huq as convener. On 11 March 1948 a general strike was found in the towns of East Pakistan in difference against the rejection of Bangla from the tongues of the Constituent Assembly, the nonappearance of Bangla letters in Pakistani coins and stamps, and the usage of only Urdu in selection tests for the maritime constrain. The advancement furthermore rehashed the before demand that Bangla be announced one of the state language of Pakistan and the official tongue of East Pakistan. Amidst parades, picketing and trademarks, pioneers, for instance, Shawkat Ali, Kazi Golam Mahboob, Shamsul Huq, Oli Ahad, Sheik Mujibur Rahman, Abdul Wahed and others were caught. Understudy pioneers, including Abdul Matin and Abdul Malek ukil, Prof. Md. Yakub, Prof. Abdus Sattar similarly took part in the parade and picketing.
Language Movement 1952 a meeting was held tight the Dhaka University premises. Mohammad Toaha was genuinely hurt while endeavoring to snatch away a rifle from a policeman and must be admitted to facility. Strikes were seen from 12 March to 15 March.
Under such conditions the lawmaking body expected to give in. Khwaja Nazimuddin agreed to a plan with the understudy pioneers. Regardless, notwithstanding the way that he agreed to a few terms and conditions, he didn’t fit in with their demand that Bangla be made a state vernacular. muhammed ali jinnah, the delegate general of Pakistan, came to visit East Pakistan on 19 March. He tended to two get-togethers in Dhaka, in both of which he dismissed the notable enthusiasm for Bangla. He rehashed that Urdu would be the fundamental state tongue of Pakistan. This disclosure was quickly contradicted with the Language Movement 1952 spreading all through East Pakistan. The Dhaka University Language Action Committee was surrounded on 11 March 1950 with Abdul Matin as its convener.
By the begin of 1952, the Language Movement 1952 took a bona fide turn. Both Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan were dead-Jinnah on 11 September 1948 and Liaquat Ali Khan on 16 October 1951. Khwaja Nazimuddin had succeeded Liaquat Ali Khan as head manager of Pakistan. With the political crisis, the money related condition in East Pakistan moreover debilitated. The all inclusive community of East Pakistan started losing trust in the Muslim League. Another social event, the Awami Muslim League-which would later transform into the awami affiliation was surrounded under the activity of maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani in 1949. There was a creating sentiment hardship and abuse in East Pakistan and an affirmation that another sort of expansionism had supplanted British imperialism. Under these conditions, the Language Movement 1952 got another constrain in vernacular advancements 1952 .
On 27 January 1952, Khwaja Nazimuddin came to Dhaka from Karachi. Tending to a meeting at Paltan Maidan, he said that the overall public of the locale could pick what may be the typical lingo, yet just Urdu would be the state vernacular of Pakistan. There was a quick, negative reaction to this talk among the understudies who responded with the witticism, ‘Rashtrabhasha Bangla Chai’ (We require Bangla as the state lingo).
A strike was seen at Dhaka University on 30 January. The representatives of various political and social affiliations held a meeting on 31 January drove by Moulana Bhasani. An All-Party Central Language Action Committee was confined with Kazi Golam Mahboob as its convener. Starting at now the organization in like manner recommended that Bangla be created in Arabic script. This suggestion was moreover energetically limited. The Language Action Committee got a hartal and deal with presentations and parades on February 21 all through East Pakistan.
As courses of action for displays were in advance, the organization constrained Section 144 in the city of Dhaka, limiting all gatherings and showings. A meeting of the Central Language Action Committee was held tight 20 February under the chairmanship of Abul Hashim. Supposition was isolated in the matter of paying little heed to whether to harm Section 144. Language Movement 1952.
- Siddiq Salik, Witness to Surrender, Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan, 1977
- Rafiqul Islam, A Tale of Millions, Ananna, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 3rd edition, 1986
- Md. Abdul Wadud Bhuiyan, Emergence of Bangladesh and Role of Awami League, Vikas Publishing House, Delhi, India, 1982
- Hasan Zaheer, The Separation of East Pakistan – The Rise and Realization of Bengali Muslim Nationalism, Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan, 1994
- Talukder Maniruzzaman, The Bangladesh Revolution and its Aftermath, Bangladesh Books International Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1980
- Daily Howa, Kushtia.